Script utk Backup Otomatis Database Postgresql

Postgresql (http://www.postgresql.org) adalah salah satu database server yang benar2 bersifat Open Source, dengan feature2 yang tidak kalah dengan database komersil yg kita kenal. Artikel ini akan memandu kamu di dalam membuat script untuk backup otomatis database server kita secara harian, mingguan, bulanan, terkompresi dan ter-rotasi.

Copylah isi script ini ke dalam sebuah file baru, misalkan autopgsqlbakup.sh , dan chmod 755 file tersebut. Letakkan di dalam direktori: /usr/local/bin

Buat entry di /etc/crontab untuk otomatis menjalankan script ini di waktu yang kita inginkan, misalnya:
00 12 * * *      root      autopgsqlbakup.sh
(baris di atas berarti: backup setiap jam 12 siang).

Inilah isi script tersebut:

 

#
Features:

#
– Automatic backup of Postgresql database

#
– Daily, weekly, monthly

#
– Rotation of backup files

#
Credits:

#
This program is based on automatic MySQL backup script by Harley

#
(wipe_out at users.sourceforge.net). Thanks Harley, your script is
really nice.

#
So, therefore, this program is also released under the GPL which can
be obtain

#
from http://www.fsf.org

#
A little background:

#
This program is emerged from the need to have an automatic backup
process for

#
postgresql database server. After some extensive searching on Google,
I came

#
across Harley’s script. It’s for MySQL though. Well, I’m not a bash
scriptter,

#
so, after some discussion in few lists and experimenting, I managed
to get this

#
works.

#
Note on postgresql settings:

#
By default, postgresql setting is not open, which means we must set
the authentication

#
method for the client first. It is done in
/var/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf file.

#
In order to use this program, we can set the method like this:

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host all all 192.168.1.100/32 md5

#
where 192.168.1.100 is your backup machine IP.

#
There is also one trick in order to be able to do automatic backup.

#
Postgresql use it’s build-in tools to backup, that is: pg_dump and
pg_dumpall.

#
Because of it’s security measure, we cannot specify the password in
the pg_dump option.

#
There is a way though, we can create a file called .pgpass in user
directory who runs

#
this script, with this content:

#
dbhost:5432:dbname:username:password, (dbhost is your porstgresql
server’s IP, so in this program,

#
the .pgpass would look like this:
192.168.1.200:5432:dbname:username:password

#
Don’t forget to chmod the file 600.

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Terjemahan Indonesia:

#
Kredit:

#
Program ini dibuat berdasarkan script backup MySQL otomatis dari
Harley

#
(wipe_out at users.sourceforge.net). Terima kasih Harley, script kamu
benar2 sip.

#
Oleh karena itu, program ini dirilis juga dibawah lisensi GPL yang
dapat kita

#
peroleh dari http://www.fsf.org

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Sedikit latar belakang:

#
Program ini berawal dari kebutuhan akan proses backup otomatis untuk
database server

#
Postgresql. Setelah mencari2 di Google, ketemulah script Harley itu,
namun diperuntukkan

#
bagi database MySQL. Yah, saya bukan seorang programming bash script,
jadinya setelah

#
bertanya2 di milis dan beberapa eksperimen, akhirnya jadi juga
program ini.

#
Catatan untuk setting postgresql:

#
Secara default, settingan postgresql adalah tertutup, dalam arti kita
mesti menyetel

#
metode otentifikasinya terlebih dahulu sebelum dapat digunakan. Kita
menyetelnya di file

#
/var/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf. Untuk menggunakan program ini, kita
dapat menyetelnya seperti ini:

#
host all all 192.168.1.100/32 md5

#
Dimana 192.168.1.100 itu adalah IP tempat kita melakukan backup.

#
Ada pula satu buah trick agar kita dapat melakukan backup otomatis di
postgresql.

#
Postgresql menggunakan utility build-innya untuk melakukan backup
yaitu pg_dump dan pg_dumpall.

#
Karena tingkat securitynya yang tinggi, kita tidak dapat menyebutkan
password postgresql di dalam

#
option pg_dump. Beruntungnya, postgresql telah menyediakan mekanisme
password ini melalui file

#
bername .pgpass. Isi dari file ini adalah:
dbhost:5432:dbname:username:password (dbhost adalah

#
IP dari server postgresql kita. Jadi, sehubungan dengan program ini,
file .pgpass ini akan berisi:

#
192.168.1.200:5432:dbname:username:password

#
Jangan lupa untuk me-chmod file ini 600.

###############################

#
START SCRIPT – MULAI SCRIPT #

###############################

#!/bin/bash

USERNAME=usernamekamu
# username for the connection. username utk koneksinya

DBHOST=192.168.1.200
# match your pgsql server IP. sesuaikan dengan IP server pgsql kamu

DBNAMES=namadatabase
# the database name. nama databasenya

BACKUPDIR="/home/backup"
# the location to put the backup files. tempat backup files

MAILCONTENT="stdout"

MAILADDR="me@ohmymy.com"

COMP=gzip

OPT="all"

#
What do we want to backup.

#
Apa yg mau di backup:

#
"all" = schema + data

#
"schema" = schema

#
"data" = data

SEPDIR="yes"

DOWEEKLY=6

#
On what day we want the weekly backup to be done. 1 = Monday

#
Pada hari apa kita ingin backup mingguan dilakukan, 1 = Senin

DATE=`date
+%Y-%m-%d_%Hh%Mm` # Datestamp misalnya 2006-03-21

DOW=`date
+%A` # Day of the week, misalnya Sunday

DNOW=`date
+%u` # Day number of the week, misalnya Senin = 1

DOM=`date
+%d` # Date of the month, misalnya 27

M=`date
+%B` # Bulan, misalnya January

W=`date
+%V` # Week number, misalnya minggu ke-37

LOGFILE=$BACKUPDIR/$DBHOST-`date
+%N`.log # Nama logfilenya

LOGERR=$BACKUPDIR/ERRORS_$DBHOST-`date
+%N`.log # Nama logfile utk error

BACKUPFILES=""

OPT=""

#
Create necessary directory

#
Create direktori yang diperlukan

if
[ ! -e "$BACKUPDIR" ]

then

mkdir
-p "$BACKUPDIR"

fi

if
[ ! -e "$BACKUPDIR/daily" ] # Check if Daily Directory
exists.

then

mkdir
-p "$BACKUPDIR/daily"

fi

 

if
[ ! -e "$BACKUPDIR/weekly" ] # Check if Weekly Directory
exists.

then

mkdir
-p "$BACKUPDIR/weekly"

fi

 

if
[ ! -e "$BACKUPDIR/monthly" ] # Check if Monthly Directory
exists.

then

mkdir
-p "$BACKUPDIR/monthly"

fi

#
Make logfile

#
Membuat logfile

touch
$LOGFILE

exec
6>&1

exec
> $LOGFILE # Link file descriptor #6 with stdout.

#
Saves stdout.

touch
$LOGERR

exec
7>&2 # Link file descriptor #7 with stderr.

#
Saves stderr.

exec
2> $LOGERR # stderr replaced with file $LOGERR.

if
[ "$OPT" = "all" ]; then

OPT
= ""

elif
[ "OPT" = "data" ]; then

OPT
= "-a"

elif
[ "OPT" = "schema" ]; then

OPT
= "-s"

fi

#
Database dump function

dbdump
() {

pg_dump
-O $OPT -U $USERNAME -h $DBHOST -d $1 > $2

return
0

}

#
Compression function plus latest copy

SUFFIX=""

compression
() {

if
[ "$COMP" = "gzip" ]; then

gzip
-f "$1"

echo

echo
Backup Information for "$1"

gzip
-l "$1.gz"

SUFFIX=".gz"

elif
[ "$COMP" = "bzip2" ]; then

echo
Compression information for "$1.bz2"

bzip2
-f -v $1 2>&1

SUFFIX=".bz2"

else


echo "No compression option set, check advanced settings"

fi

return
0

}

#
Hostname for LOG information

if
[ "$DBHOST" = "localhost" ]; then

HOST=`hostname`

if
[ "$SOCKET" ]; then

OPT="$OPT
–socket=$SOCKET"

fi


else


HOST=$DBHOST

fi

#
Test is seperate DB backups are required

if
[ "$SEPDIR" = "yes" ]; then

echo
Backup Start Time `date`

echo
======================================================================

#
Monthly Full Backup of all Databases

if
[ $DOM = "01" ]; then

for
MDB in $MDBNAMES

do

 


# Prepare $DB for using


MDB="`echo $MDB | sed ‘s/%/ /g’`"

if
[ ! -e "$BACKUPDIR/monthly/$MDB" ] # Check Monthly DB
Directory exists.

then

mkdir
-p "$BACKUPDIR/monthly/$MDB"

fi

echo
Monthly Backup of $MDB…

dbdump
"$MDB" "$BACKUPDIR/monthly/$MDB/${MDB}_$DATE.$M.$MDB.sql"

compression
"$BACKUPDIR/monthly/$MDB/${MDB}_$DATE.$M.$MDB.sql"

BACKUPFILES="$BACKUPFILES
$BACKUPDIR/monthly/$MDB/${MDB}_$DATE.$M.$MDB.sql$SUFFIX"

echo
———————————————————————-

done

fi

for
DB in $DBNAMES

do

#
Prepare $DB for using

DB="`echo
$DB | sed ‘s/%/ /g’`"

 

#
Create Seperate directory for each DB

if
[ ! -e "$BACKUPDIR/daily/$DB" ] # Check Daily DB Directory
exists.

then

mkdir
-p "$BACKUPDIR/daily/$DB"

fi

 

if
[ ! -e "$BACKUPDIR/weekly/$DB" ] # Check Weekly DB
Directory exists.

then

mkdir
-p "$BACKUPDIR/weekly/$DB"

fi

 

#
Weekly Backup

if
[ $DNOW = $DOWEEKLY ]; then

echo
Weekly Backup of Database \( $DB \)

echo
Rotating 5 weeks Backups…

if
[ "$W" -le 05 ];then

REMW=`expr
48 + $W`

elif
[ "$W" -lt 15 ];then

REMW=0`expr
$W – 5`

else

REMW=`expr
$W – 5`

fi

eval
rm -fv "$BACKUPDIR/weekly/$DB_week.$REMW.*"

echo

dbdump
"$DB" "$BACKUPDIR/weekly/$DB/${DB}_week.$W.$DATE.sql"

compression
"$BACKUPDIR/weekly/$DB/${DB}_week.$W.$DATE.sql"

BACKUPFILES="$BACKUPFILES
$BACKUPDIR/weekly/$DB/${DB}_week.$W.$DATE.sql$SUFFIX"

echo
———————————————————————-

 

#
Daily Backup

else

echo
Daily Backup of Database \( $DB \)

echo
Rotating last weeks Backup…

eval
rm -fv "$BACKUPDIR/daily/$DB/*.$DOW.sql.*"

echo

dbdump
"$DB" "$BACKUPDIR/daily/$DB/${DB}_$DATE.$DOW.sql"

compression
"$BACKUPDIR/daily/$DB/${DB}_$DATE.$DOW.sql"

BACKUPFILES="$BACKUPFILES
$BACKUPDIR/daily/$DB/${DB}_$DATE.$DOW.sql$SUFFIX"

echo
———————————————————————-

fi

done

echo
Backup End `date`

echo
======================================================================

echo
Total disk space used for backup storage..

echo
Size – Location

echo
`du -hs "$BACKUPDIR"`

echo

#Clean
up IO redirection

exec
1>&6 6>&- # Restore stdout and close file
descriptor #6.

exec
1>&7 7>&- # Restore stdout and close file
descriptor #7.

if
[ "$MAILCONTENT" = "files" ]

then

if
[ -s "$LOGERR" ]

then

#
Include error log if is larger than zero.

BACKUPFILES="$BACKUPFILES
$LOGERR"

ERRORNOTE="WARNING:
Error Reported – "

fi

#Get
backup size

ATTSIZE=`du
-c $BACKUPFILES | grep "[[:digit:][:space:]]total$" |sed
s/\s*total//`

if
[ $MAXATTSIZE -ge $ATTSIZE ]

then

BACKUPFILES=`echo
"$BACKUPFILES" | sed -e "s# # -a #g"` #enable
multiple attachments

mutt
-s "$ERRORNOTE MySQL Backup Log and SQL Files for $HOST – $DATE"
$BACKUPFILES $MAILADDR < $LOGFILE #send via mutt

else

cat
"$LOGFILE" | mail -s "WARNING! – MySQL Backup exceeds
set maximum attachment size on $HOST – $DATE" $MAILADDR

fi

elif
[ "$MAILCONTENT" = "log" ]

then

cat
"$LOGFILE" | mail -s "MySQL Backup Log for $HOST –
$DATE" $MAILADDR

if
[ -s "$LOGERR" ]

then

cat
"$LOGERR" | mail -s "ERRORS REPORTED: MySQL Backup
error Log for $HOST – $DATE" $MAILADDR

fi

elif
[ "$MAILCONTENT" = "quiet" ]

then

if
[ -s "$LOGERR" ]

then

cat
"$LOGERR" | mail -s "ERRORS REPORTED: MySQL Backup
error Log for $HOST – $DATE" $MAILADDR

cat
"$LOGFILE" | mail -s "MySQL Backup Log for $HOST –
$DATE" $MAILADDR

fi

else

if
[ -s "$LOGERR" ]

then

cat
"$LOGFILE"

echo

echo
"###### WARNING ######"

echo
"Errors reported during AutoMySQLBackup execution.. Backup
failed"

echo
"Error log below.."

cat
"$LOGERR"

else

cat
"$LOGFILE"

fi

fi

if
[ -s "$LOGERR" ]

then

STATUS=1

else

STATUS=0

fi

fi

#
Clean up Logfile

eval
rm -f "$LOGFILE"

eval
rm -f "$LOGERR"

exit
$STATUS

#
Well, I’m not a bash scriptter, so I’m sure there must be a much
better way to do it, even I’m also quite sure

#
that this program has some bug to be found. So, any suggestion is
most welcome. Please contact me

#
at: fajarpri at arinet dot org, and pls do stop by my website at
http://linux2.arinet.org. Thanks.

#
Saya bukan programmer bash script, dan karenanya saya yakin banget
ada cara yang jauh lebih baik di dalam

#
mencapai apa yang diinginkan oleh program ini, dan juga pasti ada
beberapa bug di dalam program ini. Oleh karena

#
itu, semua saran/koreksi sangat diharapkan. Saya dapat dihubungi
melalui email fajarpri at arinet dot org, dan

#
website http://linux2.arinet.org

#
Knowledge belongs to everyone.

#
Version

#
0.1 — 13 March 2006 — Initial release


Ketika selesai backup, akan terlihat ini:
Backup Start Time Mon Mar 13 15:17:26 WIT 2006
======================================================================
Daily Backup of Database ( contohdatabase )
Rotating last weeks Backup…
removed `/home/fajar/sore/daily/contohdatabase/contohdatabase_2006-03-13_15h10m.Monday.sql.gz’


Backup Information for /home/fajar/sore/daily/contohdatabase/contohdatabase_2006-03-13_15h17m.Monday.sql
         compressed        uncompressed  ratio uncompressed_name
            9124876            66687046  86.3% /home/fajar/sore/daily/contohdatabase/contohdatabase_2006-03-13_15h17m.Monday.sql
———————————————————————-
Backup End Mon Mar 13 15:17:45 WIT 2006
======================================================================
Total disk space used for backup storage..
Size – Location
8.8M /home/fajar/sore

Selamat mencoba 🙂

v.0.1 by ari_stress a.k.a tiger74 a.k.a Fajar Priyanto

Bukit Sentul, 13 March 2006. Email: fajarpri at arinet dot org

He is a Microsoft Certified Professional who falls in love with Linux. Working at an automotive dealer in Jakarta

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